Telecom and IT industry

Iot Connectivity Solutions Market 2020 By Manufacturers, Regions, Type, And Application, Forecast To 2026

  • Code : SMI21324
  • Pages : 126
  • Date : Feb, 2020
  • Category : Telecom and IT
  • |
  • Publisher : SMI



 

Impact Analysis of Covid-19

The complete version of the REPORT will include the impact of the COVID-19, and anticipated change on the future outlook of the industry, by taking into the account the political, economic, social, and technological parameters.

Summary

The global Iot Connectivity Solutions Market is expected to witness a CAGR of xx% over the forecast period 2020-2026 and is expected to reach US$ xx million in 2026, from US$ xx million in 2019. 

The Iot Connectivity Solutions Market report highlights product development and growth strategies such as merger and acquisition adopted by market players along with SWOT Analysis, PEST and Porter’s Five Forces analyses of the Iot Connectivity Solutions Market, which highlight the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and commination of key companies. Moreover, the report offers two distinct market forecasts, one from the perspective of the producer and another from that of the consumer.

The various contributors involved in the value chain of the product include manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, intermediaries, and customers.

The Key Manufacturers covered in this Report:-

  • AT&T (US)
  • Cisco (US)
  • Verizon (US)
  • Vodafone (UK)
  • Ericsson (Sweden)
  • Sierra Wireless (Canada)
  • Orange (France)
  • Telefnica (Spain)
  • Huawei (China)
  • Telit (Italy)
  • Hologram (US)
  • Particle (US)
  • Aeris (US)
  • Sigfox (France)
  • EMnify (Germany)
  • Moeco (US)

By the Product Type, the market is primarily segmented into:

  • Platform
  • Services(Professional Services and Managed Services)

By Applications, the market is segmented into:

  • Large Enterprises
  • Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

The Report covers the following Regions:

  • North America
    • United States
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • India
    • Australia
    • Indonesia
    • Thailand
    • Malaysia
    • Philippines
    • Vietnam
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • France
    • UK
    • Italy
    • Russia
  • Central & South America
    • Brazil
  • Middle East & Africa
    • Turkey
    • GCC Countries
    • Egypt
    • South Africa

Objective of the Iot Connectivity Solutions Market Report:

  • To assess the size of the market by value and volume
  • Analyze the Iot Connectivity Solutions Market in terms of regions and major countries
  • Highlight recent developments and trends in the market
  • Offer perceptive data regarding major market players in terms of key developments, strategies, and product portfolio
  • Determine share of the Iot Connectivity Solutions Market in terms of various segments such as by product type, application, and end-user
  • Offer accurate projection of the market for the forecast period using state-of –the-art tools and the current primary and secondary research approaches
  • Discuss major factors that impact growth of the Iot Connectivity Solutions Market

The Iot Connectivity Solutions Market engages the readers with all pivotal approaches to understand their position in the industry based on revenue or sales growth. The report efficiently evaluates the Iot Connectivity Solutions Market from various dimensions to deliver an end-product that is informative, elaborate, and accurate and includes detailed market segmentation, regional analysis, and competition in the market. The information in the report is backed by annual company reports, financial reports, press releases, regulatory databases, government documents, and statistical databases.

For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2019 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.

Key Stakeholders:

  • Material suppliers/wholesalers
  • Market Distributors/traders
  • Regulatory bodies
  • Research organizations, and consulting firms
  • Commercial research & developments (R&D)
  • Trade associations and industry bodies
  • Importers and exporters
  • End-use industries

Available Customizations:

Custom research is one of the most crucial components of the business strategy that helps an organization gain insight into specific business sector, aligned with its specific area of interest. Thus, SMI offers more accurate, pragmatic, and actionable information specifically tailored to suit your business needs.

Table of Contents

1 Report Overview
1.1 Study Scope
1.2 Key Market Segments
1.3 Players Covered
1.4 Market Analysis by Type
1.4.1 Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Growth Rate by Type (2014-2025)
1.4.2 Platform
1.4.3 Services(Professional Services and Managed Services)
1.5 Market by Application
1.5.1 Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application (2019-2025)
1.5.2 Large Enterprises
1.5.3 Small and Medium-sized Enterprises
1.6 Study Objectives
1.7 Years Considered

2 Global Growth Trends
2.1 IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size
2.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Growth Trends by Regions
2.2.1 IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Regions (2019-2025)
2.2.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Regions (2014-2019)
2.3 Industry Trends
2.3.1 Market Top Trends
2.3.2 Market Drivers
2.3.3 Market Challenges
2.3.4 Porters Five Forces Analysis

3 Market Share by Key Players
3.1 IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by by Players
3.1.1 Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue by by Players (2014-2019)
3.1.2 Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue Market Share by by Players (2014-2019)
3.1.3 Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
3.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players Head office and Area Served
3.3 Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Product/Solution/Service
3.4 Date of Enter into IoT Connectivity Solutions Market
3.5 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

4 Breakdown Data by Type and Application
4.1 Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type (2014-2019)
4.2 Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application (2014-2019)

5 North America
5.1 North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size (2014-2019)
5.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players in North America
5.3 North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type
5.4 North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application

6 Europe
6.1 Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size (2014-2019)
6.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players in Europe
6.3 Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type
6.4 Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application

7 China
7.1 China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size (2014-2019)
7.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players in China
7.3 China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type
7.4 China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application

8 Japan
8.1 Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size (2014-2019)
8.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players in Japan
8.3 Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type
8.4 Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application

9 Southeast Asia
9.1 Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size (2014-2019)
9.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players in Southeast Asia
9.3 Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type
9.4 Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application

10 India
10.1 India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size (2014-2019)
10.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players in India
10.3 India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type
10.4 India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application

11 Central & South America
11.1 Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size (2014-2019)
11.2 IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Players in Central & South America
11.3 Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type
11.4 Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application

12 International Players Profiles
12.1 AT&T (US)
12.1.1 AT&T (US) Company Details
12.1.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.1.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.1.4 AT&T (US) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019))
12.1.5 AT&T (US) Recent Development
12.2 Cisco (US)
12.2.1 Cisco (US) Company Details
12.2.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.2.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.2.4 Cisco (US) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.2.5 Cisco (US) Recent Development
12.3 Verizon (US)
12.3.1 Verizon (US) Company Details
12.3.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.3.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.3.4 Verizon (US) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.3.5 Verizon (US) Recent Development
12.4 Vodafone (UK)
12.4.1 Vodafone (UK) Company Details
12.4.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.4.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.4.4 Vodafone (UK) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.4.5 Vodafone (UK) Recent Development
12.5 Ericsson (Sweden)
12.5.1 Ericsson (Sweden) Company Details
12.5.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.5.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.5.4 Ericsson (Sweden) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.5.5 Ericsson (Sweden) Recent Development
12.6 Sierra Wireless (Canada)
12.6.1 Sierra Wireless (Canada) Company Details
12.6.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.6.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.6.4 Sierra Wireless (Canada) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.6.5 Sierra Wireless (Canada) Recent Development
12.7 Orange (France)
12.7.1 Orange (France) Company Details
12.7.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.7.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.7.4 Orange (France) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.7.5 Orange (France) Recent Development
12.8 Telefnica (Spain)
12.8.1 Telefnica (Spain) Company Details
12.8.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.8.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.8.4 Telefnica (Spain) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.8.5 Telefnica (Spain) Recent Development
12.9 Huawei (China)
12.9.1 Huawei (China) Company Details
12.9.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.9.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.9.4 Huawei (China) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.9.5 Huawei (China) Recent Development
12.10 Telit (Italy)
12.10.1 Telit (Italy) Company Details
12.10.2 Company Description and Business Overview
12.10.3 IoT Connectivity Solutions Introduction
12.10.4 Telit (Italy) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
12.10.5 Telit (Italy) Recent Development
12.11 Hologram (US)
12.12 Particle (US)
12.13 Aeris (US)
12.14 Sigfox (France)
12.15 EMnify (Germany)
12.16 Moeco (US)

13 Market Forecast 2019-2025
13.1 Market Size Forecast by Product (2019-2025)
13.2 Market Size Forecast by Application (2019-2025)
13.3 Market Size Forecast by Regions
13.4 North America
13.5 Europe
13.6 China
13.7 Japan
13.8 Southeast Asia
13.9 India
13.10 Central & South America

14 Analyst's Viewpoints/Conclusions

15 Appendix
15.1 Research Methodology
15.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach
15.1.1.1 Research Programs/Design
15.1.1.2 Market Size Estimation
15.1.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
15.1.2 Data Source
15.1.2.1 Secondary Sources
15.1.2.2 Primary Sources
15.2 Disclaimer
15.3 Author Details

List of Table
List of Tables and Figures

Table IoT Connectivity Solutions Key Market Segments
Table Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Covered
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Growth Rate by Type 2018-2025 (Million US$)
Figuer Platform Figures
Table Key Players of Platform
Figuer Services(Professional Services and Managed Services) Figures
Table Key Players of Services(Professional Services and Managed Services)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Growth by Application 2019-2025 (Million US$)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application in 2018 & 2025
Figure Large Enterprises Case Studies
Figure Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Case Studies
Figure IoT Connectivity Solutions Report Years Considered
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size and Growth Rate 2014-2025 (Million US$)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Regions 2019-2025 (Million US$)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Regions 2019-2025 (Million US$)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Regions in 2018
Table Market Top Trends
Table Key Drivers: Impact Analysis (2019-2025)
Table Key Challenges
Figure PORTER'S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue by by Players (2014-2019) (Million US$)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by by Players (2014-2019)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by by Players in 2018
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions by Players Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
Table Key Players Head office and Area Served
Table Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Product/Solution/Service
Table Date of Enter into IoT Connectivity Solutions Market
Table Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type (2014-2019) (Million US$)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Share by Type (2014-2019)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Market Share by Type (2014-2019)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application (2014-2019) (Million US$)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Share by Application (2014-2019)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Market Share by Application (2014-2019)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue Market Share by Application in 2018
Figure North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table North America Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue (2018-2019) (Million US$)
Table North America Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share (2018-2019)
Table North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Type 2014-2019
Table North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application 2014-2019
Figure Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Europe Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue (2018-2019) (Million US$)
Table Europe Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share (2018-2019)
Table Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Type 2014-2019
Table Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application 2014-2019
Figure China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table China Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue (2018-2019) (Million US$)
Table China Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share (2018-2019)
Table China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Type 2014-2019
Table China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application 2014-2019
Figure Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Japan Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue (2018-2019) (Million US$)
Table Japan Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share (2018-2019)
Table Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Type 2014-2019
Table Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application 2014-2019
Figure Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Southeast Asia Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue (2018-2019) (Million US$)
Table Southeast Asia Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share (2018-2019)
Table Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Type 2014-2019
Table Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application 2014-2019
Figure India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table India Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue (2018-2019) (Million US$)
Table India Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share (2018-2019)
Table India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Type 2014-2019
Table India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application 2014-2019
Figure Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Central & South America Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Revenue (2018-2019) (Million US$)
Table Central & South America Key Players IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share (2018-2019)
Table Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Type 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Type 2014-2019
Table Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Table Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Share by Application 2014-2019
Table AT&T (US) Company Details
Table AT&T (US) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure AT&T (US) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table AT&T (US) Recent Development
Table Cisco (US) Company Details
Table Cisco (US) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Cisco (US) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Cisco (US) Recent Development
Table Verizon (US) Company Details
Table Verizon (US) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Verizon (US) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Verizon (US) Recent Development
Table Vodafone (UK) Company Details
Table Vodafone (UK) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Vodafone (UK) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Vodafone (UK) Recent Development
Table Ericsson (Sweden) Company Details
Table Ericsson (Sweden) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Ericsson (Sweden) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Ericsson (Sweden) Recent Development
Table Sierra Wireless (Canada) Company Details
Table Sierra Wireless (Canada) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Sierra Wireless (Canada) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Sierra Wireless (Canada) Recent Development
Table Orange (France) Company Details
Table Orange (France) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Orange (France) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Orange (France) Recent Development
Table Telefnica (Spain) Company Details
Table Telefnica (Spain) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Telefnica (Spain) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Telefnica (Spain) Recent Development
Table Huawei (China) Company Details
Table Huawei (China) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Huawei (China) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Huawei (China) Recent Development
Table Telit (Italy) Company Details
Table Telit (Italy) Revenue in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business 2014-2019 (Million US$)
Figure Telit (Italy) Revenue Growth Rate in IoT Connectivity Solutions Business (2014-2019)
Table Telit (Italy) Recent Development
Table Hologram (US) Company Details
Table Particle (US) Company Details
Table Aeris (US) Company Details
Table Sigfox (France) Company Details
Table EMnify (Germany) Company Details
Table Moeco (US) Company Details
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Regions (Million US$) 2019-2025
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Share by Regions (2019-2025)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Share by Regions in 2025
Figure North America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Forecast (2019-2025)(Million USD)
Figure Europe IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Forecast (2019-2025)(Million USD)
Figure China IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Forecast (2019-2025)(Million USD)
Figure Japan IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Forecast (2019-2025)(Million USD)
Figure Southeast Asia IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Forecast (2019-2025)(Million USD)
Figure India IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Forecast (2019-2025)(Million USD)
Figure Central & South America IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size Forecast (2019-2025)(Million USD)
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Product (2019-2025) (Million US$)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Product (2019-2025)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Product in 2025
Table Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application (2019-2025) (Million US$)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application (2019-2025)
Figure Global IoT Connectivity Solutions Market Size by Application in 2025
Table Research Programs/Design for This Report
Figure Bottom-up and Top-down Approaches for This Report
Figure Data Triangulation
Table Key Data Information from Secondary Sources
Table Key Data Information from Primary Sources
 



Contact Us

U.S.A :  +1-415-871-0703

UK :  +44-203-289-4040

JAPAN :  +81-50-5539-1737


Drop Us an email at

[email protected]

Frequently Asked Questions

The report efficiently evaluates the market from various dimensions to deliver an end-product that is informative, elaborate, and accurate and includes detailed market segmentation, regional analysis, and competitive landscape of the industry.
The report efficiently evaluates the current market size and provides industry forecast. The market was valued at xx Million US$ in 2019, and is expected to grow at a CAGR of xx% during the period 2020-2027.
The report efficiently evaluates the current market size and provides forecast for the industry in terms of Value (US$ Mn) and Volume (Thousands Units).
Market is segmented by Types, Applications, Technology, End-use Industries, and Regions.
The report presents the current market size, and market forecast, market opportunities, key drivers and restraints, regulatory scenario, industry trend, PESTLE analysis, PORTER’s analysis, new product approvals/launch, promotion and marketing initiatives, pricing analysis, competitive landscape which help businesses in decision making. The analysis data is based on current and historical market trends which help in investment related decisions.
Custom research is crucial components of the business strategy which helps any organization to gain insight into specific business sector, aligned with specific area of interest. Thus, SMI offers more accurate, pragmatic, and actionable information specifically tailored to suit your business needs.

Get In Touch

In search of customized market research solution? We are here to help you. Contact us.